Astronomers have discovered an unusual carbon-based molecules in a huge cloud of gas 27,000 light-years from Earth in interstellar space, the molecule has a branched structure.
Located in the Atacama desert in Chile Atacama Large Millimeter / submillimeter Array, also known as ALMA Observatory (ALMA Observatory).
According to Science Daily reported, astronomers discovered an unusual carbon-based molecules in a huge cloud of gas 27,000 light-years from Earth in interstellar space, the molecule has a branched structure. Astronomers detect radio waves emitted by isopropyl cyanide in the universe, just as is looking for a “molecular” needle in the “Universe” in the haystack. This finding suggests that complex molecules necessary for life may have originated in interstellar space.
A group by using the ALMA radio telescope observatory (called the Atacama Large Millimeter / submillimeter Array), researchers star-forming region of gas Sagittarius B2 (Sagittarius B2) carried out the research. From Cornell University Marx? Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy and the University of Cologne, Germany, German astronomer on Sept. 26 in the journal “Science” published their findings.
Organic molecules are usually present in these star-forming region, and consists of a single carbon atom chains. Senior Research Assistant Cornell University radio physics and space research center Rob? Garrod (Rob Garrod) said that this carbon structure formed isopropyl cyanide branch, making the first detection of this molecule in the interstellar environment.
Garrod said that the probe expands the latest cutting-edge research complex molecules, complex molecules can be formed in interstellar space, and may eventually reach the planet’s surface. Isopropyl cyanide carbon structure having a common branching characteristics desired biomolecule – for example the amino acid composition of the protein component. The new findings support the idea that: Like extremely important biological molecules such as amino acids produced early star formation in the process, even before the formation of the Earth had been produced.
Arnaud Garrod, Max? Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy? Beiluo Shi (Arnaud Belloche) and Carl? Menton (Karl Menten), and the University of Cologne, Germany Holger? Muller (Holger Müller) are In trying to detect chemical Sagittarius B2 region composed, in this region near the galactic center and the rich complexity of interstellar organic molecules in the region. Under the help of ALMA, the research team used 10 times the usual sensitivity and resolution to detect the full spectrum of segments to find new clues interstellar molecules.
贝 洛什 said:. “Understanding of star formation in the early process of organic matter generated in understanding the evolution of life for the whole process is very important” ALMA observatory has 66 highly sensitive radio antenna, from high altitudes to 阿塔卡 northern Chile Horse Desert, which aims to explore the mystery of the origin of the universe. These telescopes work together, just as the formation of a huge “eyes” and this mysterious, vast expanse of the universe long stare.