Scientists have discovered genes Sprouting Resistance in Wheat

USDA Agricultural Research Service and the Kansas State University researchers found in wheat and cloned a named ahead of PHS to prevent germination of plant genes, the discovery of this gene will prevent germination of wheat in advance.

 

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Wheat fear encountered continuous rainfall, which will result in the harvest of wheat harvest Sprouting antecedents and cause serious damage. Recently, the U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service and the Kansas State University researchers found in wheat and cloned one was named ahead of PHS to prevent germination of plant genes, the discovery of this gene will prevent germination of wheat in advance.Much of the work identified PHS gene researchers mainly from the common wheat genome sequencing. Genome of wheat almost three times the size of the human genome, the separation is a very large gene PHS job. By from the common wheat genome sequencing efforts completely – genetic blueprint, researchers can study the wheat genome sequencing fragments generated by searching the natural resistance genes, and if such sequencing fragments, these genes are difficult PHS be found.

It is understood that white wheat is the most popular varieties of Kansas consumers, it does not have the bitter taste of red wheat, and by grinding to produce more flour, but white wheat sprouting disease is very sensitive.Therefore, before the sowing of wheat crop gene identification PHS is the best guarantee of income. Because once the wheat growth a year later, this gene will be able to resist disease sprouting.

The researchers said that in the future, breeders can carry a small part of the wheat plant tissue samples to a real risk chamber test whether they have anti-sprouting disease genes, rather than in the kind of good crops after the discovery of them.

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