On the protection and development of India’s ongoing battle emerged a new twist. August 27, India’s Environment and Forests Ministry disclosed that the agency a call on hold to take positive measures to protect the ecology of the Western Ghats mountain range report.
Ecologists want to save the Western Ghats endangered Nierjilitaer sheep. (Source: MUNEEF HAMEED)
On the protection and development of India’s ongoing battle emerged a new twist. August 27, India’s Environment and Forests Ministry disclosed that the agency a call on hold to take positive measures to protect the ecology of the Western Ghats mountain range report. Western Ghats is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is located in southwestern India, is at least 500 species of fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals homes. Instead, the government adopted a series of recommendations addition, some ecologists said the government to safeguard the ecological diversity of the region doing too little.
For decades, Western Ghats biodiversity has been precarious. A 1997 study showed that in 1927 ~ 1990, the region lost about 40 percent of forest cover – turned into farmland, coffee and tea plantations. Habitat fragmentation makes endemic species (eg Nierjililin pigeons, Nierjilitaer sheep, Malabar civet) ranked among the list of endangered animals.
2010, by the Government of India set up a committee led by ecologist Madhav Gadgil. Gadgil is the founder of the Institute of Science in Bangalore, India, ecological science centers, had served the Indian prime minister Scientific Advisory Board, and the drafting of the Bill, put forward recommendations to protect the Western Ghats. In a 2011 report, Gadgil’s team suggested that the Western Ghats area of 164,280 square kilometers belong to ecologically sensitive areas, implies the need to gradually reduce the mines, dams, industrial pollution, the introduction of a single plantation of alien species (such as eucalyptus GM crops, chemical synthetic pesticides) number. The report also pointed out that should prohibit mining, hydroelectric projects (such as Athirappilly Chuck lakudeyi dam on the river) in the main iron export regions (eg Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg district of Maharashtra) should also be stop the job.
However, these proposals do not meet the state government’s mind. In order to quell the anger ecologists, the Indian government appointed a by space scientists Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan (who is a member of India’s Planning Commission) new organizational leadership, and in 2013 issued a report. The new report will be ecologically sensitive areas be reduced to 60,000 square kilometers, and pointed out that the remaining part of human settlement in the heart of the cultural landscape. These cultural landscape without excessive regulation, and includes Maharashtra mining and Athirappilly Dam.