Prior to India’s MOM number, Mars has six running probe. They are ESA’s “Mars Express”, America’s “Marvin number”, the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, “Odyssey,” “Opportunity” and “Curiosity.”
According to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) website September 24 news, India “Manjialian” Mars Orbiter (MOM) in Beijing at 10:30 on the 24th Xu successfully into orbit. India to become Asia’s first Mars probe successfully sent to the country. In fact, before India MOM number, Mars has six running probe. They are ESA’s “Mars Express”, America’s “Marvin number”, the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, “Odyssey,” “Opportunity” and “Curiosity.”
According to the “Times of India” reported on September 24, after 300 days of space flight, India “Manjialian” sign (Mangalyaan) Mars probe successfully entered Mars orbit this morning. Indian media hailed the historic India finally joined the “Mars club.”
Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) show Mars Orbiter (MOM) began to orbit around Mars in India 7:47 am local time to run, then “Manjialian” was successful orbit. Due to delay transmission of radio signals, Bangalore (Bangalore) ground command center in the received signal is delayed 12 minutes after the confirmation of the success of the merger.
Prior to this, in the crucial 24 minutes, the burning main engines, nearly 20 minutes have been blocked Mars, adds suspense. After the successful merger of the detector, India finally joined the historic “Mars club.” Reports that the United States, Russia and the European Space Agency, India’s first truly successful initial launch will be incorporated into the orbit of Mars probe countries compared.
“Manjialian” number will then be used to take pictures of Mars Color Camera (MCC) on the detector, and further research on Mars thermal radiation, minerals and soils.
“Manjialian” No screen at launch.
Mars Express is a satellite of the European Space Agency Mars, is the first time the Department of Mars exploration program, on June 2, 2003 launch, December 25th orbit. Mars Express consists of two parts: the Mars Express satellite and lander Beagle 2, but Beagle 2 was lost to the task failed. Mars Express has been around Mars more than five thousand times, and return large amounts of data and surface images.
Cost of 300 million euros the European Space Agency developed the “Mars Express” probe weighs two tons, above the European countries to carry seven scientific instruments. According to plan, it will arrive in Mars orbit about six months later. And from orbit to Mars full Martian year (669 Martian days, the equivalent of 687 Earth days) observation, the main task is to shoot on the surface of Mars.
The European Space Agency (ESA) high-resolution stereo camera “Mars Express” on the space shuttle (HRSC) photographs displayed at the bottom near the Martian north pole of an unnamed crater there is a hydrogel form of ice.
The spacecraft is in orbit Mars 1343 shot a ground resolution of 15 meters of these photos, this unnamed crater located Vastitas Borealis plains, most of the plains in the high latitudes of the northern hemisphere of Mars, about 70.5 degrees north latitude, longitude 103 Location degrees.
U.S. “Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution” (MAVEN) detector at 2:28 on November 19, 2013 the successful launch, set foot on to Mars 10 months of September 22, 2014 to enter Mars orbit, it The mission is to investigate the mystery disappearance of the Martian atmosphere, and in search of water and carbon dioxide on Mars early owned disappearance.
September 22, 2014 for a period of 10 months to complete the flight, entering the orbit of Mars. According to NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center Maven project manager David Mitchell said, as of now, Maven detectors and portable measuring instruments are operating normally. It is reported that, when the Maven probe into the expected orbit, will use five weeks time for each instrument calibration.
Subsequently, the probe will go into the final elliptical orbit, with the distance of Mars from 150 km to 6000 km range, in order to achieve the observations of the Martian upper atmosphere all regions.
Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter on August 12, 2005 launch, is one of NASA’s 2005 Mars Exploration Program. The main purpose is to 一枚 satellites to Mars, with unprecedented resolution on the red planet Mars for detailed study, and for the future of Mars surface mission to find a suitable landing sites, while providing high-speed communications delivery for these tasks function.
March 24, 2006, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory announced the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter surface of Mars sent back the first batch of high-resolution photos. Although to calibrate the camera for the purpose, but it proved the ability to detect the spacecraft. August 4, 2011, NASA announced that the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Mars Reconnaissance in the warmer months, the surface there appears to be flowing liquid water.
2001 Mars Odyssey (2001 Mars Odyssey) is a Mars satellite of the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the main task is to look for signs of water and volcanic activity, launched in 2001.
2001 Mars Odyssey in April 7, 2001 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Base Delta II rocket successfully launched by 2001, 10 月 24 日 2:30 am UTC reach Mars orbit, conduct air resistance decelerate to enter orbit around Mars. January 2002 air resistance reduction is complete, the same year, beginning February 19 scientific tasks.
Photographic equipment is being installed 2001 Mars Odyssey.
2001 Mars Odyssey Mars captured image.
“Opportunity” Mars is one of two NASA probes to perform surveying tasks on Mars. Another Mars probe as “Spirit”, “Opportunity” on July 7, 2003 launch January 25, 2004 for a safe landing on Mars surface.
Opportunity is a six-wheeled, solar-powered car, 1.5 meters high, 2.3 meters wide and 1.6 meters long, 180 kg heavier. Six lines of jagged projections (rocker-bogie) to adapt to the terrain wheels, each wheel has its own motor, is mounted on the vehicle body front side to allow itself to maintain the safety of the inclined 30 degrees.
Opportunity on Mars by surveying a period of more than six years, has made great achievements: the formation of acidic lakes found rocks, first found in the Martian meteorite, arrived in Victoria crater, and its more than two-year investigation The results show that early Mars had an area equivalent to the size of an Oklahoma aquifer.
The study how scientists study provides a clear view of the surface of Mars, Opportunity has been continuous effective operation over the original design (90 days) 30 times the task time; Since solar panels are clean, therefore it can continue to perform a lot on Mars geological analysis and surface rocks painted.
November 2011 launch of NASA’s Curiosity is so far the largest and most advanced rover, the design life of two years, with nuclear battery powered, on August 6, 2012 successfully landed on Mars to explore whether there is a suitable environment for life .
Curiosity tasks include: Mars climate and geology, environment detection Gail hit pit ever be able to support life, the detection of water on Mars, and study the feasibility of future human exploration.
September 26, 2013, NASA scientists report that Mars rover Curiosity found the Martian soil is rich in water, about 1.5 to 3 weight percent, showing Mars had enough water supply in the future immigrants to use.
Curiosity multitasking radioisotope thermal motor. Using thermal plutonium-238 released in the natural process of decay, converted to electric power to generate electricity. Can reliably provide early task under any conditions about 125 watts of output, this number will decay fuels with reduced year by year, but after 14 years there should be 100 watts.
Photograph the surface of Mars Curiosity rover taken.
Curiosity Mars rover.